1.1 Front and Rear Position of Lamps, Registration Plate Lamps & Rear fog lamps
Information Method of Inspection Reason for rejection
This inspection applies to: all vehicles except those used only during the hours of daylight, and which are not fitted with any front or rear position lamps or have such lamps permanently disconnected, painted over or masked If no front or rear position lamps are fitted to a vehicle, there is no legal requirement to fit any other lamp. 1. check that two side lamps and two rear lamps are fitted to the vehicle, one of each on each side. 1. An obligatory lamp missing
Obligatory front position lamps (side lamps)
lamps required by regulations to be fitted to a vehicle to indicate its presence and width when viewed from the front. They must show a steady white light to the front, or a yellow light, if incorporated in a headlamp which emits yellow light. The light must be visible from a reasonable distance.   2. check the presence, condition, security and operation of the switch. 2. A missing, insecure or faulty switch.
Obligatory rear position lamps (rear lamps)
Lamps required by regulations to be fitted to a vehicle to indicate its presence and width when viewed from the rear. They must show a steady red light to the rear, visible from a reasonable distance.   3. check that side lamps and rear lamps show light of the correct colour. 3.a. A side lamp shows a light other than white to the front, (or yellow if incorporated in a yellow headlamp)
  b. A rear lamp shows a colour other than red to the rear.
Optional lamps
Any additional position lamps are optional and are not included in the inspection.    
Combined lamps
Stop lamps or direction indicators may be combined in the same lamp housing as front and rear position lamps (ref. reason for rejection 4d) (see section 1.3 and 1.5). 4. Check that the lamps a. are complete, in good working order and clean. 4. A side lamp or rear lamp a. incomplete, not in good working order or not clean, ie damaged or deteriorated, or not visible from a reasonable distance Note: An effective proprietary repair {eg lens repair tape, etc) must be assessed on its merits, considering security, colour, light output and durability.
b. are secure, not obscured, and face to the front or rear as appropriate. Note: At least 50% of each lamp must be visible from the front or rear as appropriate.  b. insecure, obscured, or does not face the front or rear as appropriate
c. do not flicker when tapped lightly by hand. c. flickers when tapped lightly by hand
d. are not adversely affected by the operation of any other lamp. d. adversely affected by the operation of any other lamp, eg dual function lamps on foreign vehicles
e.  are not obviously out of position. e. obviously incorrectly positioned
Multiple number plate lamps
Where more than one rear registration plate lamp, or bulb, is fitted as original equipment , anyone in operative lamp or bulb is a reason for rejection. (see information column: multiple number plate lights) 5. With the side and rear lamps switched on, check that the rear registration plate lamp(s) is 5. A rear registration plate lamp
 a. fitted a. not fitted
 b. working, and b. not working, or
c. does not flicker when tapped lightly by hand. c. flickers when tapped lightly by hand.
Note: The precise position of obligatory side and rear lamps is not part of the inspection, but check visually that the lamps are at about i. the same height, and  
the same distance from  the side of the vehicle  
6. Rear fog lamps
The inspection of rear fog lamps is confined to the one rear fog lamp which is required to be fitted to the centre or offside of vehicles first used on or after 1 April 1980. With dipped head lamps and the ignition switched on, operate the rear fog lamp switch and check that a rear fog lamp A mandatory rear fog lamp
is fitted to the centre or offside of the vehicle a. is missing, does not emit a steady red light or emits a light other than red
is working, and b. incomplete, not in good working order or not visible from a reasonable distance
  c. is insecure, obscured or not facing to the rear
does not flicker when tapped lightly by hand. d. flickers when tapped lightly by hand
check also that the driver's tell-tale works properly e. tell-tale does not work
  f. adversely affected by the operation of any other lamp.
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